Bandwidth, SAR, and Efficiency of Internal Mobile Phone Antennas

This paper presents a thorough investigation into the effects of several phone chassis-related parameters—length,width, thickness, and distance between the head and phone—on the bandwidth, efficiency, and specific absorption rate (SAR) characteristics of internal mobile phone antennas. The studied antenna-chassis combinations are located beside an anatomical head model in a position of actual handset use. The effect of the user’s hand is also studied with two different hand models. The main part of the study is based on FDTD simulations, but also experimental results, which support the computationally obtained conclusions, are given.